Architectural Planning

We begin to work when the site and the type and cost of a building have been determined.


The site involves the varying behavior of the natural environment that must be adjusted to the unvarying physical needs of human beings; the type is the generalized form established by the client that must be adjusted to the special use for which the building is required; the cost implies the economics of land, labor, and materials that must be adjusted to suit a particular sum.


Thus, planning is the process of particularizing and, ultimately, of harmonizing the demands of environment, use, and economy. This process has a cultural as well as a utilitarian value, for in creating a plan for any social activity we inevitably influence the way in which that activity is performed.

Space Planning

In space planning, we block out interior spatial areas, define circulation patterns, and develop plans and layouts for furniture and equipment placement. Our space planning services consider numerous design parameters, including the client’s project goals and priorities, the client’s organizational structure and relationships, space allocation criteria, building codes and access for the disabled, furniture standards, circulation and work flow, design considerations, the constraints of fixed building elements and building system interfaces, security and privacy issues, and flexibility for accommodating future space needs.

Architectural Programming

During programming, it is important to have an open, honest conversation with us about budget, space requirements and overall expectations. Often, clients will discover that some of their desires or needs are in direct conflict with their budget or other goals. Talking about the types of materials you want to see in the design, the size of the project, and the way your current spaces meets or fails to meet needs.  We will give you, our client, the insight as to how your project will come together.

Interior Design

Interior design describes a group of various yet related projects that involve turning an interior space into an "effective setting for the range of human activities" that are to take place there.  We, as interior designers, coordinate and manage such projects. Interior design is a multifaceted profession that includes conceptual development, communicating with the stakeholders of a project and the management and execution of the design.